Protests are going on all over the country regarding the revised citizenship law. Vigorous demonstrations are going on in Delhi, Aligarh, Patna, Bangalore. The question is on which provision of citizenship law Muslim society is demonstrating.
Actually, there is a provision in the citizenship law that Hindus, Sikhs, Christians, Jains, Buddhists and Parsis coming to India from Pakistan, Bangladesh and Afghanistan will be given citizenship of India. Muslims of these three countries are excluded from this scope. In North, East and South India, there is fierce opposition to this provision of this law.
Why Only Muslims Oppose Citizenship Law?
The first dispute is about the fact that this bill is against the Muslims, and the second thing is that according to religion, how can it be decided who should be given citizenship and who is not. Opposition parties and Muslim organizations say that this law is in violation of Article 14 (Right to Equality) of the Indian Constitution. This is the most controversial aspect of this law. The opposition says that in a secular country like India, how can citizenship be given on the basis of religion.
The Citizenship Act of India 1955 says that it is mandatory for any person to stay in India for at least 11 years to take citizenship of India. But this period has been reduced from 11 to six years for minorities in neighboring countries through the Citizenship Amendment Act. Amendments have been made in the Citizenship Act, 1955 for this. After the law is passed, there is a provision to grant citizenship to Hindus, Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains, Parsis, and Christians coming to India from Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Afghanistan before 31 December 2014.
What is citizenship law 1955
The Citizenship Act 1955 is a detailed law relating to Indian citizenship. In this law, it has been explained in detail on what provisions can a person be granted Indian citizenship and what are the conditions for being an Indian citizen. According to this law, a person can be given citizenship in India in four ways. The Act has so far been amended five times (1986, 1992, 2003, 2005 and 2015).
Why protest in Assam?
People opposing this bill in Assam say that the Citizenship Amendment Act violates the Assam Accord 1985. According to this agreement, there is a provision to give citizenship of India to people who came to India from other countries before 24 March 1971. But according to the new law, this limit has been increased to 31 December 2014.
People of Northeast, including Assam, say that this will bring people of other races to Assam in a big way and the Assamese identity will be affected.