They say, the laughter of a child is the light of the family. Childhood is that period of time in everyone’s life, when children are carefree, growing and learning to become responsible citizens of the future. But, this childhood is snatched away from millions of children worldwide every year.
Sadly, India today is home to the largest number of child labours in the world. In addition to various other issues and problems, child labour stands as one of the most pressing issues in our nation. Wherein, children under 14 are made to work- mostly labour work- in situations harmful to them. They are exploited by forcing them to work and depriving them of their childhood. This interferes with the process of them going to school and obtaining an education. Furthermore, this is socially, physically, mentally and morally harmful.
The main causes of child labour are poverty and lack of social security. The privatization of basic services, lack of quality education- all affects the children directly. According to the latest available census, child labour has moved from farms significantly. It is now moving the service sectors, and children are being forced to work there rather than farms. Furthermore, around 10.1 million child workers were accounted in India who are under the age of 14.
According to the UNICEF, Child labor has drifted from factories, yet a large number of children still work in threatening industries like the Fireworks industry. Although, there have been various steps taken us by the government regarding this case, the numbers are still a pressing issue today. One such project has been the National Child Labour Project, which aims to save child labours. This project has rescued 50,000 children throughout 2017 to 18, although this is a very small fraction of the total number.
The saddest part is that a lot of child labour goes unnoticed in our society. The laws made by government to aid this issue are not being implemented properly. According to UNICEF, there has to be better law enforcement and strategies that contribute in eradicating this issue. This involves- better education and improving the system of learning in rural as well as urban families. It also includes, spreading all possible awareness, regarding child labour in every corner of our nation for a better tomorrow!